|Title||공장식, 최욱, 배충식, 강진석, “커먼레일 시스템의 비증발 디젤 분무에서 분사율과 주변기체의 밀도에 따른 주변기체 유입,” 한국자동차공학회 논문집, vol. 12, No. 5, pp19-24, 2004. 9.|
공장식, 최욱, 배충식, 강진석, “커먼레일 시스템의 비증발 디젤 분무에서 분사율과 주변기체의 밀도에 따른 주변기체 유입,” 한국자동차공학회 논문집, vol. 12, No. 5, pp19-24, 2004. 9.
Entrainment of ambient gas into a transient diesel spray is a crucial factor affecting the following preparation of combustible mixture. In this study, the entrainment characteristics of ambient gas for a non-evaporating transient diesel were investigated using a common-rail injection system. The effects of ambient gas density and nozzle hole geometry were assessed with entrainment coefficient. Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) technique was introduced to measure the entrainment speed of ambient gas into a spray. There appeared a region where the entrainment coefficients remained almost constant while injection rates were still changing. The effect of common-rail pressure, which altered the slope of injection rate curve, was hardly noticed at this region. Entrainment coefficient increased with ambient gas density, that is, the effect of ambient gas density was greater than that of turbulent jet whose entrainment coefficient remained constant. The non-dimensional distance was defined to reflect the effect of nozzle hole diameter and ambient gas density together. The mean value of entrainment coefficient was found to increase with non-dimensional distance from the nozzle tip, which would be suggested as the guideline for the nozzle design.